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First Aid: How to Give CPR

If someone is unconscious, not breathing, or their heart has stopped, CPR will help to keep the blood and oxygen circulating through their body until help arrives.

Follow these steps .

1. CALL 999 or get someone to do it.

If the person is unresponsive call 911 or 112. Then start CPR right away.

2. OPEN the airway.

Place one hand on the person’s forehead and two fingers under their chin. Gently lift the chin and tilt their head back.

3. LOOK for signs of breathing.

Check if their chest is moving. Bend down and listen for breath escaping from their nose or mouth. See if you can feel any breath on your cheek. If there are no signs that the person is breathing, start CPR immediately.

4. PUMP the chest to stimulate the heart.

Push down in the centre of the chest to a depth of about 2 inches or 5 cms. Pump hard and fast 30 times at the rate of about 100 per minute, or faster than one per second. Think of the song “Stayin’ Alive” and push at the speed of the words “Ha, ha, ha, ha.”

5. BLOW in the mouth to encourage breathing.

After 30 compressions, give 2 rescue breaths. With the head tilted back, pinch the person’s nose and cover their mouth with yours. Blow in for 1 full second until you see their chest rise.

Continue CPR until the person responds or help arrives. If they recover, stop CPR and put them in the recovery position.

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